购置二手房需注意什么法律问题?

Posted on 10 Jul 2019
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Keys from flat

第一次买房的小芳想買一套30万的二手房,想了解购置二手房的手续如何?大概需要多久时间?如果要用公积金存款缴付首期款,是不是自己要先支付然后才可向公积金局申请索回?

答:以下是购房手续的简略:

(a)买家通过中介签署购买要约 (“Offer to Purchase”) 并支付订金(“Earnest Deposit”);

(b)买家委任代表律师;

(c)买家确定了买卖合同的条约后可以准备签署买卖合约。(注意:合同的条约是由代表律师代理。代表律师必须按照客户的指令与有责任确保客户的利益。);

(d)签署买卖合约同时支付定金余额 (“Balance Deposit”);

(e)买家于完成日(“Completion Date”)内支付楼价余额。(注意:如果没有特别事项,完成日的期限通常会是3个月,由买卖合约的日期算起。如果有贷款,银行必须于这个期限内释放所有贷款。);

(f)楼价余额付清后,买家可以接收房子。接收房子的同时,双方律师必须计算开销(“outgoings”)分摊;

(g)买家必须亲自到水与电务局申请新的户口。

(注意:以上只是供参考的简略过程。想要知道更多详情,请向律师查询。尤其是持有“个别事项”的案件,完成期限都会因案而异。)

如果要用公积金存款缴付首期款,通常都是自己先预付再向公积金局申请索回。除非卖家同意先签署买卖合约后再收定金。

tenant

您好,我是廖女士。我有一间全装修studio单位,是直接向发展商购买的。我今年四月刚出租这个单位。最近,租户弄爆客厅橱柜的玻璃门,租户否认并认定是橱柜玻璃门支架问题而导致爆裂,所以拒绝赔偿。

对于以上情况,请问我应该采取什么行动以得到应有的赔偿?

答:通常租约附有“房屋使用要求和维修责任”的条例。条例会说明租赁期间,房客应合理使用并爱护该单位及其附属设施。若使用不当或不合理使用,致使该单位及其附属设施损坏或发生故障,房客应负责维修。若房客拒绝维修,业主可代为维修,费用由房客承担。

若您的租约有此条例,而该橱柜的玻璃门是由房客的不合理使用或刻意损坏的话,您绝对有权利索取赔偿。若房客拒绝,在租约的允许下,您可以于抵押金扣除此费用。若根据租约,业主无权从抵押金扣除此费用,您可通过法律管道索取赔偿。

setapak

来自文良港的黄小姐与房东签了一年租约,明年三月份到期,九月份提前交了三个月房租,因家中有事,想提前解约,可不可以?

答:必需翻看租约条例。若租约条例注明租客可以随时解约而又不必做出赔偿的话,黄小姐可以拿回抵押金与预支的三个月房租。如果租约条例没注明收抵押金为提早解约的条件,黄小姐只能够拿回预支的三个月房租。

***法律信箱主持人***

chris_tan

陈佐彬律师创立亿达法务办事处(Chur Associates),是一名具有代表性的新生代律师。他活跃于房地产和商业领域,於2006至2010年被选为国际不动产业联合会FIABCI(大马区)全国委员会成员之一。在2009/2010年,他被当时的世界主席委任为国际董事会的一员,更被委任为FIABCI世界青年团主席。陈佐彬律师出色的表现也让他在届满时得到FIABCI的最高荣誉「FIABCI Medal of Honour」,成为此荣誉史上最年轻的获奖者。

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